Page 1 of the EPC shows the estimated current and potential energy bills of your property. It shows, if you made the recommended improvements, how much less your energy bills could be. It is important to remember though that these costs are just for heating, lighting and hot water. You will still have additional costs on your bills for your appliances, tv, computers and other day to day items that you use in the home.
This page will be familiar to you as it is the same as the energy labels on your white goods. It shows the current energy efficiency rating (A is the best and G the worst) and it shows the potential rating that you could achieve if all the recommended energy efficiency improvements are made.
This is a list of the top recommended energy efficiency measures that can be installed to make your property more energy efficient. It shows what the cost is to install these measures and the typical savings over 3 years. This page shows the measures that are priority however the full list of recommendations are shown on page 3 of the EPC.
This page shows an assessment of the key elements of the property that have an impact on its performance rating. It describes each element such as construction, heating and windows and gives it a star rating dependent on how they perform on an energy efficiency and environmental scale. 5 star is very good and 1 star is very poor.
It is a good indicator on how the elements are performing and what you need to improve.
If a home has low or zero carbon energy technology such as solar PV or solar water heating then they will be shown here. These measures can benefit from government incentives and lower energy bills
This part looks at the amount of heat that the property is expected to use and how improving the insulation will reduce this. It is useful for people considering a domestic renewable heating system as there is a Home Energy Scotland loan scheme open to homeowners interested in installing greener technologies.
Please see this link for further information. http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/scotland/grants-loans/renewables/loan-scheme
The recommendations are the most important section of the EPC. Here you see a breakdown of the recommended measures, the cost to install, the typical savings per year and energy and environmental rating that you would achieve after the improvements.
They are listed in order of importance, and the figures are based on doing the improvements in that order. You may not be able to do them all, or in the order listed, but it’s gives you a good guide.
The amount of recommended measures will vary, depending on what is applicable for your home.
This section gives more detailed information on the recommended measures which is useful when deciding which to install.
The lower cost measures that can be easy to install would be the best place to start. This section gives advice on the depth of loft insulation required to significantly reduce heat loss thereby improving comfort levels, reduce energy use and lower fuel bills.
Installing low energy lighting reduces lighting costs as they last 12 times longer than ordinary bulbs.
Both these measures can be done as DIY projects and are relatively cheap to install.
This section also gives further details on the measures that could deliver higher energy efficiency in your home.
Solar PV Panels and solar water heating significantly reduced demand on the heating system to reduce fuel and save money. They are more expensive to install however the savings that can be achieved are shown in the recommendations panel and there are government loans that can be applied for to help to install these measures.
This section shows other energy efficiency measures that could deliver even higher standards for the home. They are alternatives to investigate on top of the recommended measures. It can show innovative technologies like wind turbines, ground source heap pumps and air source heat pumps.
For more information please see the link http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/scotland/grants-loans/renewables/loan-scheme
The final page of the EPC shows the details of the assessor, the accreditation body, if there is any related party disclosure and the date of the assessment.
This section gives you information on buildings impact on the environment. It shows what carbon dioxide emissions your property produces as opposed to the average household. It shows your current rating of emissions and the potential rating if energy efficiency measures are installed. The CO2 emissions can be reduced further by installing renewable energy sources.
With a greater knowledge of climate change and the new regulations and measures being introduced it is important to understand the current environmental impact your property is having to enable you to make the necessary improvements. As well as comfort, improving your energy efficiency measures will give you a better rating, making it more appealing if you wish to sell or rent out your property.